La tutela della dignità umana: fondamento e scopo della Convenzione di Oviedo. In: Furlan, E. Bioetica e dignità umana: Interpretazioni a. PDF on ResearchGate | On May 1, , R Andorno and others published La tutela della dignità umana: fondamento e scopo della Convenzione di Oviedo. Venti anni dopo la Convenzione di Oviedo / Equitable access, appropriate quality . Twenty years after the Oviedo Convention | Il diritto alla tutela della salute.
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The only exception is, under certain conditions, for regenerative tissue especially bone marrow between siblings. Essa permette interventi di ingegneria genetica solo per ragioni preventive, diagnostiche o terapeutiche e solo quando il suo scopo non sia di modificare il patrimonio genetico di una persona.
The Convention sets out rules related to medical research by including detailed and precise conditions, especially for people who cannot give their consent. Ben Merriman – – American Journal of Bioethics 15 Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine. La sola eccezione si ha, a certe condizioni, per il prelievo di tessuti rigenerabili tra fratelli e sorelle. Torrance – – Hastings Center Report 47 5: Signatures and ratifications Reservations and declarations Explanatory report Protocols.
Find it on Scholar. Cases of this type pose a dramatic dilemma.
Stephan Guttinger – – Science and Engineering Ethics 24 4: In actual fact, the responsibility for the handling of such problematic matters falls entirely to the physician. Undoubtedly, to some extent this disparity of viewpoints is only cpnvenzione in reference to such a complex emotional issue.
Scienza E Filosofia No categories specified categorize this paper. Translations sorted by non-official languages. Treaty Office on http: It prohibits the creation of human embryos for research purposes and requires an adequate protection of embryos where countries allow in-vitro research.
Martina Baumann – – NanoEthics 10 2: The author finds a similar variety of views in doctrine. Un intervento su persone incapaci di dare il proprio consenso, per esempio su un minore o su una persona sofferente di turbe mentali, non deve essere eseguito, salvo che non produca un reale e sicuro vantaggio per la sua salute.
The treaty allows genetic engineering only for preventive, diagnostic or therapeutic reasons and only where it does not aim to change the genetic make-up of a person’s descendants. Science Logic and Mathematics. Genome Editing, Asilomar, and the Politics of Deliberation. Monthly downloads Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Traduzioni ordinati per lingue non ufficiali. Weiss – – Bioessays 36 1: It prohibits the oviedl of techniques of medically assisted procreation to help choose the sex of a child, except where it would avoid a serious hereditary condition. Sign in Create an account.
Benjamin Hurlbut – – Hastings Center Report 45 5: The greater the patient’s chances of being able to return to a normal life, and the more irrational the reasons for the refusal appear to be, the more difficult it is for the physician to ooviedo such a refusal. The Convention is the first legally-binding international text designed to preserve human dignity, rights and freedoms, through a ovirdo of principles and prohibitions against the misuse of biological and medical advances.
The Convention stipulates that all patients have a right to be informed about their health, including the results of predictive genetic tests. On the other hand, health care imposed by force, however conceived and carried out, evidently will assume the characteristics of a violent act particularly humiliating not just because aimed at the “body” of the patient, but above all because bound to downgrade the most deeply-rooted convictions of the interested party: What legal theory can nevertheless be reproached for is its frequent indulgence in considerations which may be of notable cultural significance, but which risk being vi in the context of argumentation that aspires to be perfectly juridical.
The Convention states the principle according to which a person has to give the necessary consent for treatment expressly, in advance, except in emergencies, and that such consent may be freely withdrawn at any time. La Convenzione statuisce che ogni paziente ha il diritto di conoscere ogni informazione raccolta sulla propria condizione di salute, in particolare i risultati dei testi genetici.
In his reconstruction of the various positions, the author shows how jurisprudence oscillates between the extremes of the identification of compulsory “atypical” measures useful to the physician in fulfilling his duty to safeguard health even “contra voluntatem”, and the recognition ovedo an absolute and convenzlone significance to the refusal of medical care, even when such cannot be confirmed owing oviiedo the patient’s state of unconsciousness.
Firme e ratifiche Riserve et Dichiarazioni Rapporto esplicativo Protocolli.
Ufficio dei Trattati, http: Convenzione sui Diritti dell’Uomo e la biomedicina. For the most ovideo, respect for the will of the patient will be experienced by the physician as a sort of “facilitation” of self-destructive behaviour intrinsically contradictory with respect to the original sense of the medical profession.
La Convenzione vieta ogni forma di discriminazione nei confronti di una persona in base al suo patrimonio genetico e autorizza test genetici solo a fini medici. If, in particular, the intent is to deduce applicable “rules” in cases such as these from the system in force, the jurist ought to perform a truly “humble act” and don the garb of the “pure” and “neutral” exegete of actual fact, abstaining from philosophical or political improvisations, and instead make an effort to “set aside” personal convictions to avoid surreptitiously altering the course of reasoning.
Human Genome Editing and Ethical Considerations.
The Convention prohibits the removal of organs and other tissues which cannot be regenerated from people not able to give consent. The Convention recognises the importance of promoting a public debate and consultation on these questions.
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Sign in to use this feature. The inconsistency of this ban with regard to the most widespread position in the scientific community is highlighted, and then critically examined the supporting reasons which, in the opinion of the author, are not consistent with a rational analysis of the inner structure of the Convention, in particular in relation to the issue of responsibility towards future generations. It lays down a series of principles and prohibitions concerning bioethics, medical research, consent, rights to private life and information, organ transplantation, public debate etc.
The Model T of Biotechnology. The treatment of persons unable to give their consent, such as children and people with mental illnesses, may be carried out only if it could produce real and direct benefit to his or her health.